Fishing Rod Decoration

Fishing Words

I don't have that many fishing books, perhaps a hundred or so, perhaps a few more, I've never really counted. Some of them I have not read; unwanted presents from well meaning relatives but some I have read many times. They never disappoint and real favourites are tattooed with notes, underlinings, highlights and margin scribbles, sacrilege to the bibliophile but a quick way to find old friends that constantly delight. I do so admire those who conjure with words. Here are extracts from some of my favourites.

Fishing Words

By Graham Waterton

We remember 100 years ago

- By Graham Waterton

A century ago on 3th August 1914, on the eve of the outbreak of war, the Foreign Secretary, Lord Grey of Falloden famously said  'The lamps are going out all over Europe, we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime'


Lord Grey was Foreign Secretary from 1905-16 and a lifelong fly fisherman. As part of the preamble to his famous book Fly Fishing, published in 1899,Lord Grey of Falloden ponders on the benefits of time spent fishing.



'One thing perhaps should be borne in mind to prevent disappointment, and that is not to ask too much of Nature suddenly, when we have been strained by overwork; at such times we are out of tune, and more fit for rest than enjoyment. If we are to enter into the moods of Nature, we must bring us some vigour and elasticity of spirit. A feeble mind looking upon fair scenes with a languid eye will not feel the joy of them, and it is with Nature as with friendship - we cannot take all and bring nothing. On the other hand, work, if it be of an interesting sort and not crushing in amount, is a fine preparation for the country. Such work is stimulating, and when we make our escape we do it with faculties erect and active, with every sense alert and eager for sights and sounds and all joys, which are not to met with in cities. Then we bring with us such an uprising of the spirit, that we seem to be fit companions for Nature even on her finest and best days in spring. 



 I like the idea that his escape from the strains and immense pressures of the times, were the chalkstreams of Hampshire and the rivers of Northumberland.

The challenge met.

- By Graham Waterton

JW Hills in A Summer on the Test, written in 1924, is casting to a good trout on the main at Longparish. The fish is lying on the seam between a slow and a streamy, faster run of water. It moves to take naturals on both sides.  Should he cast to the slow water and risk his line being pulled by the steam, dragging his fly or cast straight up the streamy water. Next to the fish, and between him and it, is some exposed weed. If the fly or his leader touches the weed, the fish will surely spook.

Mid way through his tale he pauses to reflect.


'No non-fisherman can realise the excitement, often painful, which possesses you before you make a cast such as this. You are literally frightened. Of what, it may be asked, are you frightened? What is a trout, after all, and what does it matter if you hit or miss? Why all this fuss and bother? Why should such a trivial success or failure cause such deep emotion? Well, possibly we are foolish folk, and spend on trifles feelings which the wise reserve for more important events.  All the same, there is not one of us who has not had the sensation, nor is there one of us who would be without it.'


I still get it and wouldn't be without it. Its one of the reasons I fish.


By the way, he decides to cast across the stream to the slack water with what we would now call a slack line cast and hooks the fish. Not big, but that's not the point.


The challenge made and met.


The best fisherman are not lazy

- By Graham Waterton

A common enough problem for the trout fisherman (or for that matter a salmon fisherman) is what to do when your carefully selected killer pattern has been inspected and refused. It may have been June 1923 but JW Hills in A Summer on the Test gives some pretty sound advice.


There were a few olives about and he had just put a fish down with a clumsy cast.


'The next, rising a few yards above him, had a good, steady concentrated look at my olive, and then deliberately turned away. When shy trout do this, I am convinced that you should change your fly at once - change it either for one of a different pattern or for a smaller one of the same or for one which is both different and smaller. If you do not, if you keep on passing over the trout's nose an imitation which he has already examined and rejected, he may end by taking it. He may. But what usually happens is that at the next cast he gives it half a look and at subsequent ones disregards it altogether. And there is the danger that the fact of seeing a suspected insect continually floating over him may make him discover he is being fished for. It often does. And remember, too, that the more cast you make the more likely you are to bungle one. So off with the fly at once. Do not make even one more throw. It is a bore to have to change a killing fly, but do not be lazy.'


There are no hard and fast rules but this is a good habit to get into.


In stocked waters it is easy to ignore this and plug away with the same pattern. As Hills says he may end up taking it but he probably won't. So what if you eventually spook him, there will be another in front of the next root of ranunculus. This is lazy fishing and one day when you are confronted with a big wild fish and your nerves are jangling, you won't have developed the good habits of the successful fisher.

The best fisherman may be boring but they are not lazy.

Who invented the Riffle Hitch?

- By Graham Waterton

This time of the year sees fly boxes being checked and restocked ready for the annual trip to Iceland. One containing my Iceland collection includes a number of small tubes with side holes drilled for hitching. 

Where did this now well accepted and proven method of skating a fly across the surfaced or atlantic salmon come from?


The wonderful gallery owning sportsman Aylmer Tryon wrote two delightful books, the second of which, The Quiet Waters By, describes his many fishing adventures. In the Iceland chapter he admits to having first read this in Lee Wulff's book The Atlantic Salmon but in his own words he tells of the origins of the hitched fly.


Sometime early in this century a British man o' war put into this harbour in Newfoundland. Finding that there were many salmon in the rivers, some officers found an old leather wallet in the Wardroom containing gut-eyed flies. When a fish was hooked the old gut-eyes broke but, being naval officers and therefore well trained in knots, they soon solved the problem with a half hitch round the shank. This caused the fly to 'skate'  and wobble in a most seductive manner and to the surprise of all, they caught the most fish. Thus was 'the hitch' discovered and later adapted and improved by the ingenious Lee Wulff and others.



I've fished the riffled hitch a number of times but did not know its origins until I read Aylmer Tyron's book. Most other references suggest it was purely a Wulff adaptation of a Newfoundland fisherman's techniques. Important, I would suggest to establish its British roots!


Far and Far off

- By Graham Waterton

Les Hill and Graeme Marshall collaborated on two books in the 1980s and 1990s. Both New Zealanders and lifelong fisherman, Les was a school teacher and Graeme a professional guide. Their first book was Stalking Trout, their second Catching Trout and both are highly practical works describing the techniques for catching spooky wild trout in the clear back country streams of both North but more specifically South Island.

Their second book has a chapter entitled 'Concentration', an under estimated quality for all fisherman but particularly those who sight fish for big wild fish, where chances are few and far between.

In that chapter they sum up their basic stalking skills.


'While stalking I employ three defensive ploys. I move as slowly as possible, I stay as far from the waters edge as I can while still having a good view into the water and I search as far upstream as I can, hoping to locate fish while still out of their most perceptive forward or side-on vision.'


So obvious you may think, but after casting, I believe these are the next most important skills for fisherman who like stalking clearwater trout and so often ignored by chalkstream fisherman. What's more, these are not just applicable to New Zealand trout but are transferable to any stalking situation, chalkstreams, the flats and even Icelandic small river salmon fishing. This mantra is explored widely in their first book but that paragraph so concisely sums up what our approach to all clearwater river situations should be.


Both books were reprinted many times and now combined in one updated volume reprinted in 1995 by Halcyon Publishing. There are many excellent NZ fishing books but I think these are required reading if you are about to go down under.



This theme is expanded in an article 'Fine and Far Off"  published in the latest Piscatorial Society Journal.